Botanic gardens typically maintain living collections with an appropriate sample size, documented provenance and educational opportunities for adults and children regarding plant cultivation.
At first, these gardens were associated with university medical schools and known as “physic gardens”. With the rise of botanical studies as a separate scientific discipline, this changed drastically.
What is a Botanical Garden?
Botanical gardens are scientific institutions which integrate research, conservation, and display of plants into one comprehensive experience for the public’s enjoyment and education. Their goal is to increase appreciation of plants in our environments while at the same time inspiring appreciation among its visitors. Today botanical gardens can also function as museums, libraries, herbariums, conservation organizations, educational academies or theme parks depending on whether they belong to universities or government agencies and their directors or boards of trustees oversee them.
At first, the primary function of botanical gardens was collecting and cultivating new kinds of plants for use as medicinal remedies. To accomplish this task, experienced collectors went on expeditions abroad in search of exotic species not yet grown in Europe; later these expeditions would become printed herbals. Today botanical gardens typically maintain large plant collections as well as areas dedicated to cultivating difficult-to-grow ones in natural conditions.
History of Botanic Gardens
Botanical gardens play an essential role in plant science, conservation and education.
History of Botanical Gardens Go back to the 16th Century when botanical gardens first appeared as centers for medical students to learn plant identification skills. At that time they were known as Physic Gardens; some early examples are located in Pisa, Padua and Florence.
As part of the pursuit of knowledge that defined Enlightenment thought, botanical gardens began appearing. This trend was especially visible in America where prominent nurserymen and natural scientists established collections of native plants suitable for medicinal preparations or as ornamental components for country estates.
Some of the greatest botanical gardens were affiliated with universities or medical schools, including Columbia College in New York, Harvard, Princeton and the University of South Carolina. These gardens played an essential role in developing botany as a discipline and broadening plant introduction.
Botanical Gardens in the United States
Botanical gardens provide landscaped gardens designed for scientific research, conservation, public display and education. Botanic gardens may house documented plant collections within greenhouses or shadehouses designed for specific regions around the world; storage facilities like cold frames can help provide temperature conditions suitable for certain species at specific seasons.
Botanical gardens provide an escape from summer heat and an opportunity to reconnect with nature. From relaxing in tropical oasis, sipping sustainable cocktails or meditating among the ferns – botanical gardens have something for everyone! Many of the top botanical gardens in the US are privately operated, supported through membership fees or endowments; others may be established by government agencies and funded through tax monies; often managed by either an advisory board or director.
Botanical Gardens in the World
Botanical gardens can be found across the world and serve an important function in terms of plant research, conservation, education and visitor enjoyment.
Historical botanical gardens sent experienced collectors on expeditions to search out new types of wild plants, then planted them in their gardens. Furthermore, botanical gardens established systems for identification, classification and nomenclature in their associated herbaria.
Botanical gardens serve a range of functions today, from providing educational and recreational experiences to encouraging green industries such as food, medicine and tourism. Some gardens even host art exhibitions or seasonal festivals.
From desert displays of blooming cacti to lush European rhododendron valleys, there’s something to delight garden lovers of all varieties. So take a break from life outside and spend some time outdoors; you may just find that nature provides exactly the remedy!